Systematic Analysis of microRNA Biomarkers for Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Therapy in Patients With Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma.

The ever-increasing morbidity and mortality of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) urgently demands updated biomarkers. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in diverse biological processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis by regulating their target genes' expression. In kidney cancers, miRNAs have been reported to be involved in tumorigenesis and to be the diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic response biomarkers. Here, we performed a systematic analysis for ccRCC-related miRNAs as biomarkers by searching keywords in the NCBI PubMed database and found 118 miRNAs as diagnostic biomarkers, 28 miRNAs as prognostic biomarkers, and 80 miRNAs as therapeutic biomarkers in ccRCC. miRNA-21, miRNA-155, miRNA-141, miRNA-126, and miRNA-221, as significantly differentially expressed miRNAs between cancer and normal tissues, play extensive roles in the cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis of ccRCC. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis of these miRNAs' target genes through Metascape showed these target genes are enriched in Protein Domain Specific Binding (GO:0019904). In this paper, we identified highly specific miRNAs in the pathogenesis of ccRCC and explored their potential applications for diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of ccRCC.

Frontiers in oncology. 2020 Dec 04*** epublish ***

Guiyun Cheng, Mengru Li, Xiaoyu Ma, Fangmei Nan, Lu Zhang, Zhongyi Yan, Huimin Li, Guosen Zhang, Yali Han, Longxiang Xie, Xiangqian Guo

Cell Signal Transduction Laboratory, Bioinformatics Center, Henan Provincial Engineering Center for Tumor Molecular Medicine, Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Institute of Biomedical Informatics, Henan University, Kaifeng, China.