Immune cell infiltration into tumor tissue is closely related to the clinical outcomes of patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). This study aimed to screen out potential immune genes associated with ccRCC, analyze their relationships with clinical outcomes, and construct a signature to predict ccRCC.
The transcriptome RNA-sequencing data in 539 ccRCC and 72 adjacent normal tissues were obtained from TCGA database. Biomedical computational algorithms were conducted to identify immune-related differential expressed genes (IRDGs) and enriched pathways. Then, LASSO Cox and multivariate Cox analyses were performed to screen out genes that were then used to construct the prognostic model.
A total of 116 down-regulated and 565 up-regulated IRDGs were identified. Pathway enrichment analysis suggested that IRDGs was mainly enriched in the pathway of "cytokines and cytokine receptors". The entire data of ccRCC were randomly divided into the training set and the test set with a ratio of 1:1. A 4-gene signature was then constructed using LASSO Cox analysis and multivariate Cox analysis in the training set. This prognostic signature could stratify patients into high- and low-risk groups successfully, and serve as an independent predictor when adjusted with clinical factors by univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis. These results were verified in the test set and the entire set. Besides, the abundance of CD4 + T cells and dendritic cells increased in the high-risk group. Finally, we built a nomogram incorporating risk score and clinical factors to predict the overall survival of ccRCC patients.
These findings may contribute to the research of ccRCC in immunization part.
International immunopharmacology. 2020 Nov 23 [Epub ahead of print]
Zhipeng Wu, Yanhao Shen, DeSen Fan, JinHui Liu, Dongming Chen, Kai Wang, Xianlin Xu
Department of Urology, The Affiliated Sir Run Run Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211100, Jiangsu Province, China., Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Nanjing Jiangning Hospital, The Affiliated Jiangning Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211100, Jiangsu, China., Department of Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, Jiangsu, China., Department of Urology, The Affiliated Sir Run Run Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211100, Jiangsu Province, China. Electronic address: .