Construction of circRNA-based ceRNA network to reveal the role of circRNAs in the progression and prognosis of metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma.

CircRNAs are now under hot discussion as novel promising bio-markers for patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma. The purpose of our study is to identify several circRNAs related to the metastasis and progression of clear cell renal cell carcinoma, and to further investigate the mechanism of their influence on tumor progression. The transcriptome data of ccRCC and clinical characteristics used in this study were downloaded from the The Cancer Genome Atlas and Gene Expression Omnibus database. A total of 114 circRNAs were found to be related to tumor initiation, progression and metastasis after the intersection. In addition, 14 miRNAs and 201 eligible mRNAs were selected as targets gene, respectively. CeRNA network was constructed based on 8 circRNAs, 14 miRNAs, and 201 mRNAs. Besides, another 6 hub genes were identified via the PPI network. It should be noted that only TRIM2 was confirmed as an independent prognostic factor, which was simultaneously significantly related to both clinical stage and pathological grade in clinical cohorts. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes and Gene Ontology analysis indicated the possible function of TRIM2 in ccRCC progression, such as ubiquitin mediated protein hydrolysis, cell adhesion molecules, Th17 cell differentiation signaling pathway and so on. Gene set enrichment analysis analysis revealed that TRIM2 may be involved in ubiquitin mediated proteolysis, apoptosis, autophagy and citrate cycle TCA cycle. Hub circ_RNAs expressions were validated in ccRCC tissues and cell lines. Our study revealed that the hsa_circ_0002286 / has-mir-222-5p / TRIM2 axis played a critical role in the progression of ccRCC. Specifically, it may inhibit the metastasis and progression of ccRCC, which could serve as a potential therapeutic target.

Aging. 2020 Nov 20 [Epub ahead of print]

Xiyi Wei, Yuxiang Dong, Xinglin Chen, Xiaohan Ren, Guangyao Li, Yamin Wang, Yichun Wang, Tongtong Zhang, Shangqian Wang, Chao Qin, Ninghong Song

The State Key Lab of Reproductive, Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China.