Metastatic renal cell carcinoma to the pancreas (PM-RCC) is infrequent; we sought to describe the characteristics of PM-RCC and analyze the outcome following treatment.
Data of 3107 mRCC patients treated between 1992 and 2007 from the Korean Renal Cancer Study Group database were obtained to identify 300 (9. 7%) PM-RCC patients. Characteristics and survival were analyzed and compared to the rest of the mRCC, according to the timing of metastasis and surgical treatments received.
PM-RCC was younger at initial diagnosis (55.0 vs. 58.2 years), more frequently in women (30.3% vs. 22.3%), and metachronous (65.3% vs. 41.9%) with a longer disease-free period (82.0 vs. 33.0 months). Overall survival (OS) was significantly better in PM-RCC but pancreas metastasectomy was associated with improved OS only among metachronous PM-RCC. In the 132 metachronous PM-RCC with pancreas metastasectomy, median recurrence-free survival was 17.2 months and we found Heng risk group (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.384, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.213-4.684), younger age (HR = 0.965, 95% CI = 0.945-0.987), shorter interval to pancreas metastasis (HR = 0.993, 95% CI = 0.986-0.999), and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status to be predictive of early progression following pancreas metastasectomy.
Compared to the other mRCC, PM-RCC demonstrated a favorable prognosis. Pancreas metastasectomy was associated with prolonged survival in the metachronous PM-RCC with a long progression-free period.
Journal of surgical oncology. 2020 Oct 12 [Epub ahead of print]
Teak Jun Shin, Cheryn Song, Chang Wook Jeong, Cheol Kwak, Seongil Seo, Minyong Kang, Jinsoo Chung, Sung-Hoo Hong, Eu Chang Hwang, Jae Young Park, Hakmin Lee
Department of Urology, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Dongsan Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea., Department of Urology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea., Department of Urology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea., Department of Urology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea., Department of Urology, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Republic of Korea., Department of Urology, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea., Department of Urology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Hwasun, Republic of Korea., Department of Urology, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan, Republic of Korea., Department of Urology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of Korea.