To retrospectively evaluate diagnostic accuracy and complications of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided biopsy of radiologically indeterminate solid renal masses (RM).
Electronic records of all consecutive patients undergoing MRI-guided biopsy of solid RM (using free-breathing T2-BLADE and BEAT-IRTTT sequences) between April 2014 and October 2018 were reviewed; 101 patients (69 men, 32 women; median age 68 years; range 32-76) were included. Patient and RM characteristics, procedural details/complications, pathologic diagnosis, and clinical management were recorded. Diagnostic accuracy was calculated on an intention-to-diagnose basis. Diagnostic yield was also evaluated. Multi-variable analysis was performed for variables with p < .20, including patient age/sex; RM size/location/contact with vascular pedicle, RENAL score, number and total length of biopsy samples, and biopsy tract embolization, to determine factors associated with diagnostic samples, diagnostic accuracy, and complications.
Median RM size was 2.4 cm (range 1-8.4 cm). There were 86 (85%; 95%CI 77-91%) diagnostic and 15 (15%; 95%CI 9-23%) non-diagnostic samples; 6/15 (40%) non-diagnostic biopsies were repeated with 50% malignancy rate. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and diagnostic accuracy were 96% (95%CI 89-99%), 100% (95%CI 77-100%), 100% (95%CI 95-100%), 82% (95%CI 57-96%), and 97% (95%CI 90-99%), respectively. Primary and secondary diagnostic yields were 85% (95%CI 77-91%) and 91% (95%CI 84-96%), respectively. Seven (7%; 95%CI 1-10%) complications were observed. No tested variables were associated with diagnostic samples, diagnostic accuracy, or complications.
MRI-guided biopsy of solid RM is associated with high diagnostic accuracy and low complication rate. The technique might be helpful for inaccessible tumors.
• MRI-guided biopsy of radiologically indeterminate solid renal masses (RM) appears safe, with a low rate of minor self-limiting hemorrhagic complications. • Diagnostic accuracy and primary/secondary diagnostic yield are high and appear similar to reported estimates for US- and CT-guided RM biopsy. • MRI guidance may be particularly useful for RM with poor conspicuity on US and CT, for relatively inaccessible tumors (e.g., tumors requiring double-oblique steep-angled approaches), and for young patients or those with renal failure.
European radiology. 2020 Aug 27 [Epub ahead of print]
Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Pierre De Marini, Pierre Auloge, Loic Leclerc, Thibault Tricard, Veronique Linder, Marion Jost, Nitin Ramamurthy, Hervé Lang, Julien Garnon, Afshin Gangi
Department of Interventional Radiology, University Hospital of Strasbourg, 1, place de l'hôpital, 67000, Strasbourg, France. ., Department of Interventional Radiology, University Hospital of Strasbourg, 1, place de l'hôpital, 67000, Strasbourg, France., Department of Urology, University Hospital of Strasbourg, 1, place de l'hôpital, 67000, Strasbourg, France., Department of Pathology, University Hospital of Strasbourg, 1, place de l'hôpital, 67000, Strasbourg, France., Department of Radiology, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Colney Ln, Norwich, NR4 7UY, UK.