Renal cancer is a common genitourinary malignance, of which clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) has high aggressiveness and leads to most cancer-related deaths. Identification of sensitive and reliable biomarkers for predicting tumorigenesis and progression has great significance in guiding the diagnosis and treatment of ccRCC. Here, we identified 2397 common differentially expressed genes (DEGs) using paired normal and tumor ccRCC tissues from GSE53757 and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Then, we performed weighted gene co-expression network analysis and protein-protein interaction network analysis, 17 candidate hub genes were identified. These candidate hub genes were further validated in GSE36895 and Oncomine database and 14 real hub genes were identified. All the hub genes were up-regulated and significantly positively correlated with pathological stage and histologic grade of ccRCC. Survival analysis showed that the higher expression level of each hub gene tended to predict a worse clinical outcome. ROC analysis showed that all the hub genes can accurately distinguish between tumor and normal samples, and between early stage and advanced stage ccRCC. Moreover, all the hub genes were positively associated with distant metastasis, lymph node infiltration, tumor recurrence and the expression of MKi67, suggesting these genes might promote tumor proliferation, invasion and metastasis. Furthermore, the functional annotation demonstrated that most genes were enriched in cell-cycle related biological function. In summary, our study identified 14 potential biomarkers for predicting tumorigenesis and progression, which might contribute to early diagnosis, prognosis prediction and therapeutic intervention.
Current medical science. 2020 Aug 29 [Epub]
Jia-Yi Chen, Yan Sun, Nan Qiao, Yang-Yang Ge, Jian-Hua Li, Yun Lin, Shang-Long Yao
Department of Anesthesiology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China., Department of Anesthesiology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China. ., Department of Anesthesiology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China. .