Image-guided core biopsy of 2-cm or smaller renal tumors.

The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate diagnostic yield, risk factors for diagnostic failure, and safety of image-guided core biopsy of renal tumors≤2cm.

Eighty-four biopsies of 84 renal tumors (mean size, 1. 5±0.4[SD] cm; range, 0.6-2.0cm) from 84 patients (53 men, 31 women; mean age, 61.7±12.7 [SD] years; age range, 34-87 years) were included. All adverse events (AEs) were evaluated based on the CIRSE classification. The 84 procedures were classified as diagnostic or nondiagnostic. Multiple variables related to the patients, tumors, and procedures were assessed to identify variables associated with diagnostic failure.

All 84 biopsies (100%) were technically successful, defined as penetration of the target and acquisition of some specimens. Eighty (80/84; 95.2%) biopsy procedures were diagnostic and four (4/84; 4.8%) procedures were nondiagnostic. Among 80 diagnosed renal tumors, 71/80 (88.8%) tumors were malignant (49 clear cell renal cell carcinomas [RCCs], 14 papillary RCCs, 3 chromophobe RCCs, 3 metastatic renal cancers, 1 lymphoma, and 1 unclassified RCC) and 9/80 (11.2%) lesions were benign (5 angiomyolipomas, 3 oncocytomas, and 1 inflammatory lesion). No significant differences existed in any variables between the two groups. A total of 57 (57/84; 67.9%) procedures resulted in 56 Grade 1, 2 Grade 2, and 1 Grade 3 AEs.

Image-guided biopsy of renal tumors≤2cm is safe and has a high diagnostic yield.

Diagnostic and interventional imaging. 2020 Jul 23 [Epub ahead of print]

T Iguchi, T Hiraki, Y Matsui, K Tomita, M Uka, T Tanaka, T Komaki, T Toji, H Gobara, S Kanazawa

Department of Radiology, Okayama University Medical School, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho kita-ku, Okayama 700-8558, Japan. Electronic address: ., Department of Radiology, Okayama University Medical School, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho kita-ku, Okayama 700-8558, Japan., Department of Pathology, Okayama University Hospital, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho kita-ku, Okayama 700-8558, Japan.