OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immediate and 3- and 5-year outcomes of patients with clinical stage T1 (cT1) biopsy-proven renal cell carcinoma (RCC) treated by image-guided percutaneous cryoablation at a regional interventional oncology center. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A prospectively maintained local interventional radiology database identified patients with cT1 RCC lesions that were treated by percutaneous cryoablation. Technical success, procedural complications (graded using the Clavien-Dindo classification system), and the residual unablated tumor rate were collated. Local tumor progression-free survival was estimated using Kaplan-Meier estimates. RESULTS. A total of 180 patients with 185 separate cT1 RCC lesions were identified. Mean patient age was 68.4 years (range, 34.1-88.9 years) and 52 patients (28.9%) were women. There were 168 (90.8%) and 17 (9.2%) cT1a and cT1b lesions, respectively, with a mean lesion size of 28.5 mm (range, 11-58 mm). Technical success was achieved in 183 of 185 (98.9%) patients. The major complication rate (Clavien-Dindo classification ≥ grade III) was 2.2% (four out of 185). Residual unablated tumor on the first follow-up scan was identified in four of 183 tumors (2.2%). Estimated local tumor progression-free survival at 3 and 5 years was 98.3% and 94.9%, respectively. No distant metastases or deaths attributable to RCC occurred. Mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) before the procedure was 72.4 ± 18.5 (SD) mL/min/1.73 m2 and this was not statistically significantly different after the procedure (69.7 ± 18.8 mL/min/1.73 m2), at 1 year (70.7 ± 16.4 mL/min/1.73 m2), or at 2 years (69.8 ± 18.9 mL/min/1.73 m2) (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION. These data add to the accumulating evidence that image-guided cryoablation is an efficacious treatment for selected cT1 RCC with a low complication rate and ro bust 3- and 5-year outcomes.
AJR. American journal of roentgenology. 2020 Apr 14 [Epub ahead of print]
Emma Lim, Shankar Kumar, Matthew Seager, Sachin Modi, Indrajeet Mandal, Joana B Neves, Simon Jones, Maxine G B Tran, Graham Munneke, Steve Bandula, Miles Walkden
Imaging Department, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom., Division of Surgery and Interventional Science, University College London, London, United Kingdom., Centre for Healthcare and Innovation and Delivery Science, Department of Population Health, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY.