Toxicity Management of Front-Line Pembrolizumab Combined With Axitinib in Clear Cell Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Case Study Approach.

Immune checkpoint inhibitors have improved clinical outcomes in many malignancies, including renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Awareness of potential adverse events and effective management of these toxicities is critical to maximizing clinical outcomes. Pembrolizumab plus axitinib is approved as front-line treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma (aRCC), making it the first checkpoint inhibitor and tyrosine kinase inhibitor combination approved for any malignancy. Given overlapping toxicities with this combination, the toxicity profile of each drug must be considered when assessing and managing toxicities in patients treated with pembrolizumab and axitinib. Use of online resources, including published guidelines from ASCO, the Immuno-Oncology Essentials Web site, and other organizations, can assist oncology and nononcology health care professionals to more effectively manage toxicities, maximize clinical outcomes, and improve quality of life for patients with aRCC. Herein, we describe a case of a patient with aRCC treated with pembrolizumab and axitinib, highlighting a systematic approach to toxicity management.

JCO oncology practice. 2020 Feb [Epub]

Laura S Wood, Moshe C Ornstein

Department of Hematology and Oncology, Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Center, Cleveland, OH.