Tumor-infiltrating immune cells are indispensable to the progression and prognosis of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC).
The aim of this study was to explore the clinical implications of immune cell infiltrates in ccRCC.
The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database (N= 515) and E-MTAB-1980 cohort of patients (N= 101) were adopted to estimate the prognostic value of immune cell infiltration. Twenty-four types of immune cells were evaluated using single-sample gene set enrichment analysis. Cox regression analyses were conducted to develop an immune risk score.
Survival analyses revealed that 13 genes significantly associated with the overall survival (OS). Furthermore, multivariate Cox analysis identified an immune risk score on the basis of mast cells, natural killer CD56bright cells, T helper 17 (Th17) cells, and Th2 cells. The immune risk score was associated with OS, with hazard ratios of 2.72 (95% CI 2.17-3.40) and 3.24 (95% CI 1.64-6.44) in TCGA and E-MTAB-1980 datasets, respectively. This immune risk score was significantly correlated with some immunotherapy-related biomarkers.
We profiled a prognostic signature and established an immune risk score model for ccRCC, which could provide novel predictive markers for patients with ccRCC and an indicator for immunotherapy response measurement.
Cancer biomarkers : section A of Disease markers. 2020 Jan 03 [Epub ahead of print]
Yong-Yao Gu, Gang Chen, Peng Lin, Ji-Wen Cheng, Zhi-Guang Huang, Jie Luo, Gao-Qiang Zhai, Ying-Lun Wang, Hai-Biao Yan, Sheng-Hua Li
Department of Pathology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China., The Ultrasonics Division of Radiology Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China., Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China.