Papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) is a subtype of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) accounting for approximately 15-20% of cases and further divided into Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 PRCC tends to have more alterations in the MET tyrosine kinase receptor than Type 2 PRCC. Treatment for RCC patients is based on studies with minimal participation from patients with PRCC; consequently, conventional therapies tend to be less effective for RCC patients with a subtype other than ccRCC (non-ccRCC). Since MET is a known alteration in PRCC, it is potential target for directed therapy. There have been many attempts to develop MET inhibitors for use in solid tumors including PRCC. The following review will discuss the current research regarding MET-targeted therapy, MET inhibitors in clinical trials, and future directions for MET inhibitors in PRCC.
Kidney cancer. 2019 Nov 01*** epublish ***
Katherine Emilie Rhoades Smith, Mehmet Asim Bilen
Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA., Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.