MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as promising molecules in the diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of urological tumours. Recently, our group performed two independent studies highlighting that miR-210-3p may be a useful biomarker not only for diagnosis but also for post-surgery clear cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (ccRCC) management.
The aim of this study is to further explore the effectiveness of miRNA as non-invasive biomarker for clinical outcomes and ccRCC response to the treatment.
We analyzed miR-210-3p levels in neoplastic and healthy tissue and in urine specimens collected at surgery and during follow-up of 21 ccRCC patients by RTpPCR.
Firstly, we confirmed that the expression of miR-210-3p was upregulated in tumor tissues and in urine samples of analyzed cohort. Of note is that miR-210-3p expression was significantly reduced in urine samples from disease-free patients during follow-up (from 3 to 12 months) compared to the baseline levels observed at the time of surgery. In a small subgroup of patients presenting metastatic progression (such as bone, intestinal or lung metastasis), the urine levels of miR-210-3p correlated with responsiveness to the therapy.
This pilot study highlights the relevance of secreted miR-210-3p as powerful non-invasive prognostic and predictive biomarker for the evaluation of clinical outcomes and treatment response during ccRCC follow up.
Cancer biomarkers : section A of Disease markers. 2019 Nov 13 [Epub ahead of print]
Vincenzo Petrozza, Manuela Costantini, Claudia Tito, Laura Maria Giammusso, Veronica Sorrentino, Jessica Cacciotti, Natale Porta, Alessia Iaiza, Antonio Luigi Pastore, Angelina Di Carlo, Giuseppe Simone, Antonio Carbone, Michele Gallucci, Francesco Fazi
Department of Medico-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Sapienza University of Rome, Pathology Unit ICOT, Latina, Italy., Department of Urology, IRCCS - Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy., Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopaedic Sciences, Section of Histology and Medical Embryology, Laboratory Affiliated to Istituto Pasteur Italia-Fondazione Cenci Bolognetti, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy., Department of Medico Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Sapienza University of Rome, Urology Unit ICOT, Latina, Italy., Department of Medico-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Sapienza University of Rome, Latina, Italy.