We assessed the clinical utility of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in the diagnosis of benign and malignant small renal masses using a meta-analysis of diagnostic test. We performed a comprehensive online search in the following database including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Wanfang, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure from the inception to August 25, 2019. the following index were calculated for assessing the diagnostic ability, including sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), negative likelihood ratio (NLR), positive likelihood ratio (PLR), area under the curve (AUC) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Seventeen studies were included in the qualitative and quantitative analyses. The overall sensitivity was 0.93 with 95% CI of 0.88-0.95. The specificity was 0.71 and the 95% CI was 0.60-0.80. The pooled AUC was 0.91 (95% CI: 0.88-0.93). The diagnostic odds ratio was 31 (95% CI: 21-45). The NLR and PLR were 0.10 (95% CI: 0.07-0.15) and 3.2(95% CI: 2.3-4.4), respectively. There is a slight heterogeneity within studies. The subgroup analysis was also performed. For retrospective and perspective, the sensitivity and specificity were 0.93, 0.92 and 0.71, 0.73; For different diameter lesions, the sensitivity and specificity were 0.93, 0.94 and 0.64, 0.74; For sample size (≤median vs. >median), the sensitivity and specificity were 0.94, 0.93 and 0.67, 0.77. The Deek's funnel plot asymmetry test in indicated no publication bias. The CEUS have a high diagnostic ability in differentiating benign and malignant small renal masses among Asian population.
Cancer medicine. 2019 Oct 23 [Epub ahead of print]
Lin Shen, Yanyan Li, Na Li, Yajie Zhao, Qin Zhou, Zhanzhan Li
Department of Oncology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China., Department of Nursing, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China., Department of Nuclear Medicine, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.