Primary renal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are exceedingly rare with roughly 100 reported cases. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a primary renal NET with inferior vena caval tumor thrombus. The uniqueness of this case is highlighted by the degree to which vascular invasion occurred.
Urology. 2019 Oct 05 [Epub ahead of print]
G Shantharam, C Huang, N Singla, Y B Chen, P Russo
Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University. Electronic address: ., Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Urology.