Elderly metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients are under-represented in clinical trials, whose results are therefore difficult to translate into routine management of older patients. We aimed at exploring treatment outcomes and prognostic factors in our real-life elderly mRCC cohort receiving first-line tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) monotherapy.
We retrospectively analyzed demographic and clinicopathological characteristics, and treatment data of elderly (≥ 70 years old at first-line start) mRCC patients starting either pazopanib or sunitinib as first-line treatment in our institution between March 2012 and April 2018. Baseline characteristics included age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (CCI).
In total, the records of 35 elderly mRCC patients were identified and retrospectively analyzed. Overall response rate, median progression-free survival, and median overall survival were 20%, 9.7 months, and 21.6 months, respectively. Karnofsky performance status ≤ 70%, sarcomatoid features, absolute neutrophil count greater than upper limit of normal, and treatment-related Grade 3 arterial hypertension were independently associated with survival after multivariate analysis. Age-adjusted CCI was significantly associated with survival in univariate analysis only. The overall incidence of Grade 3 to 5 toxicities was 74%. Seven patients (20%) received early crossover to either sunitinib or pazopanib because of toxicity. Dose reduction was applied in 24 (73%) of the 33 patients who completed at least 1 cycle.
First-line TKI monotherapy provided clinical benefit in our elderly mRCC cohort. Relatively frequent dose reductions helped to maintain an acceptable tolerability profile. Further research is warranted to explore the significance of prognostic factors in elderly mRCC patients.
Clinical genitourinary cancer. 2019 Mar 27 [Epub ahead of print]
Mario Uccello, Tasnim Alam, Haider Abbas, Ajith Nair, Jennifer Paskins, Guy Faust
Northampton General Hospital NHS Trust, Cliftonville, Northampton, United Kingdom. Electronic address: ., Northampton General Hospital NHS Trust, Cliftonville, Northampton, United Kingdom.