This study aimed at investigating the prognostic value of Preoperative controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score in non-metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma of ≤ 7 cm on preoperative imaging.
We retrospectively included 1046 among 1637 patients who underwent radical or partial nephrectomy for solid renal masses ≤ 7 cm (2005-2014) after excluding other pathology, conditions affecting CONUT score components, metastasis, regional lymphadenopathy, positive margin, and follow-up < 12 months. We defined high and low CONUT according to cut-off of (2). Multivariate Cox-regression analysis was used to predict factors affecting recurrence and survival. Kaplan-Meier curve was used for survival analysis.
The median age and follow-up were 56 years and 63 months, respectively. 41 patients had recurrence (3.9%). CONUT was a predictor for recurrence-free, cancer-specific, and overall survival (HR 3.09, P = 0.003 and HR 4.66, P = 0.004 and HR 2.81, P = 0.003, respectively). A higher CONUT was significantly associated with worse 5 years recurrence-free (88.2% vs. 97.1%), cancer-specific (96.2% vs. 98.8%) and overall (90.9% vs. 96.5%) survival (log-rank, P = < 0.001, P = 0.006 and P = < 0.001, respectively).
The preoperative CONUT is an independent prognostic marker for survival after curative surgery for non-metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma of ≤ 7 cm on preoperative imaging.
Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology. 2019 Feb 13 [Epub ahead of print]
Ahmed Elghiaty, Jongchan Kim, Won Sik Jang, Jee Soo Park, Ji Eun Heo, Koon Ho Rha, Young Deuk Choi, Won Sik Ham
Department of Urology and Urological Science Institute, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, South Korea., Department of Urology and Urological Science Institute, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, South Korea. .