Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Renal Cell Carcinoma: An Analysis of Clinical Characteristics.

Racial/ethnic minority groups, including Hispanic Americans (HAs) and Native Americans (NAs), have a heavier burden of kidney cancer than European Americans (EAs). We investigated variations in clinical characteristics of HA and NA patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) who were previously underrepresented.

Clinical records of 294 patients with RCC (151 EAs, 95 HAs, 22 NAs, and 26 others) without prior diagnosis of cancer were reviewed. Logistic regression analysis was performed to understand patients' clinical characteristics.

HAs had about 5 years younger average age at diagnosis than EAs (55.8 vs. 60.5 years) and an almost 3-fold increased odds of diagnosis before age 50 years (odds ratio [OR], 2.77; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.39-5.54). The mean age of diagnosis among NAs was 49.7 years, and NAs had an over 6-fold higher odds of diagnosis at a younger age (OR, 6.23; 95% CI, 2.00-19.46). Clear-cell RCC (ccRCC) was more common in HAs and NAs than EAs. Over 90% of HA patients had ccRCC, whereas only 78.8% of EA patients had ccRCC. HAs had increased odds of diagnosis with ccRCC compared with EAs (OR, 2.79; 95% CI, 1.15-6.80). Among HAs, older patients and patients who spoke Spanish as their primary language were more likely to have advanced stage RCC at diagnosis (OR, 10.48; 95% CI, 1.69-64.89 and OR, 4.61; 95% CI, 1.38-15.40).

HA and NA patients with RCC had different clinical characteristics than EA patients. It is necessary to better understand the clinical characteristics of these underserved HA and NA populations with high kidney cancer burden.

Clinical genitourinary cancer. 2018 Oct 27 [Epub ahead of print]

Ken Batai, Alfredo Harb-De la Rosa, Aye Lwin, Fahad Chaus, Francine C Gachupin, Elinora Price, Benjamin R Lee

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ. Electronic address: ., Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ., Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ., Department of Surgery, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.