Surgical management of renal cell carcinoma has undergone a transformation in recent decades, especially with the dissemination of the robotic platform. Increasingly, larger and more complex renal lesions are now being treated in a minimally invasive fashion. The purpose of this article is to review advances in the use of the robotic approach for treatment of renal cell carcinoma, including nephron-sparing surgery, radical nephrectomy, and cytoreductive nephrectomy.
Asian journal of endoscopic surgery. 2018 Aug 30 [Epub ahead of print]
Michael C Phung, Benjamin R Lee
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona, USA.