The increase in serendipitous detection of solid renal masses on imaging has not resulted in a reduction in mortality from renal cell carcinoma. Consequently, efforts for improved lesion characterization have been pursued and incorporated into management algorithms for distinguishing clinically significant tumors from those with favorable histology or benign conditions. Although diagnostic imaging strategies have evolved for optimized lesion detection, distinction between benign tumors and both indolent and aggressive malignant neoplasms remain an important diagnostic challenge. Recent advances in cross-sectional imaging have expanded the role of these tests in the noninvasive characterization of solid renal tumors.
The Urologic clinics of North America. 2018 Jun 15 [Epub]
Fernando U Kay, Ivan Pedrosa
Department of Radiology; UT Southwestern Medical Center, 2201 Inwood Road, Suite 210, Dallas, TX 75390, USA., Department of Radiology; UT Southwestern Medical Center, 2201 Inwood Road, Suite 210, Dallas, TX 75390, USA. Electronic address: .