Worth a second look: outcomes of patients with initial finding of regular renal tissue in CT-guided renal tumor biopsies

Renal tumor biopsy is recommended for histological diagnosis of radiologically indeterminate renal masses, to select patients with small-renal masses for surveillance approaches, before ablative treatments and to confirm metastatic spread of renal cell cancer (RCC), according to the EAU guidelines. We aimed to determine outcomes of patients with suspicious renal masses with initial finding of regular renal tissue in renal tumor biopsies.

Retrospective database analysis of 101 patients undergoing CT-guided-, percutaneous renal tumor biopsies in local anesthesia.

In 23/101 patients, histopathologic evaluation of the biopsies showed regular renal tissue. Of these, two patients underwent simultaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA), 2/23 underwent radical nephrectomy, despite negative biopsy because of radiological suspicious aspect. Overall, 12 patients underwent a second set of biopsies due to persistent clinical suspicion. Of these, five were diagnosed with RCC: three clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and two papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC). Benign tumours were found in two patients. A lymphoma was found in two patients. In 3/12 patients, also the second set of biopsies showed regular renal tissue.

An unsuspicious histology in CT-guided renal tumor biopsy does not preclude patients with suspicious renal masses from being diagnosed with malignancies.

World journal of urology. 2018 Jan 25 [Epub ahead of print]

M Sadat-Khonsari, M Papayannis, P Schriefer, L Kluth, C Meyer, V Schüttfort, M Regier, M Rink, F Chun, M Fisch, A Becker

Department of Urology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany., Department of Radiology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany., Department of Urology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany. .