Oncocytoma: A Differential Consideration for an Incidentally Detected FDG-Avid Renal Mass on PET/CT

Renal oncocytoma is a benign renal neoplasm that is often discovered incidentally and closely mimics renal cell carcinoma on common imaging modalities such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Due to the inability to reliably distinguish between these benign and malignant lesions with imaging, both are typically treated as if they are malignant. Hypermetabolic activity of renal oncocytomas is not frequently encountered because positron emission tomography (PET) is not a standard modality for imaging primary renal tumors. We present a case of a 65 year-old female with a history of thyroid cancer who had an incidentally discovered hypermetabolic renal mass on surveillance PET-CT imaging. Due to the concern for a primary renal malignancy or metastatic disease, the mass was resected and proven to be an oncocytoma on pathologic review.

Journal of radiology case reports. 2017 May 31*** epublish ***

Christopher J Smith, Mindy X Wang, Michael Feely, Brandon Otto, Joseph R Grajo

Department of Radiology, UF Health Shands Hospital, Gainesville, FL, USA., Department of Pathology, UF Health Shands Hospital, Gainesville, FL, USA., Department of Urology, UF Health Shands Hospital, Gainesville, FL, USA.