The value of continuation of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) therapy in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) remains controversial and clear evidence is lacking. Argumentation for cessation of LHRH therapy is the prolonged suppression of testosterone levels after the withdrawal of LHRH analogues and the fact that disease progression occurs despite castration levels of testosterone. Especially upon treatment with the life-prolonging cytochrome P450 17-alpha-hydroxylase (Cyp17)-inhibitor, abiraterone, which has the ability to further suppress testosterone serum levels over LHRH therapy alone, continuation of LHRH therapy seems to be negligible. However, the proven increase of luteinizing hormone levels after LHRH withdrawal, which is even further increased by abiraterone, may counteract the effects of abiraterone by the induction of enzymes of steroidogenesis. Therefore, cessation of LHRH therapy when starting treatment with abiraterone in CRPC may display an unpredictable hazard to the patients. This study will explore the role of continuation of LHRH therapy when starting treatment with abiraterone in patients with asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic, chemotherapy-naïve CPRC.
The trial will assess radiographic progression-free survival after 12 months of treatment with abiraterone/prednisone in patients who will be randomized to receive continuing LHRH therapy versus LHRH withdrawal at the time of starting abiraterone therapy.
This multicenter, prospective, randomized, exploratory phase-II trial will bring about new data regarding the efficacy and safety of abiraterone/prednisone treatment with or without continuation of LHRH therapy. In addition, further insight into the complex hormonal changes under treatment will be gained and the results of this trial may give rise to a larger phase-III trial to examine the possibility of withdrawing LHRH therapy in patients with CRPC.
ClinicalTrials.gov, ID: NCT02077634 . Registered on 9 December 2013.
Trials. 2017 Oct 04*** epublish ***
Carsten-Henning Ohlmann, Michelle Jäschke, Peter Jaehnig, Susane Krege, Jürgen Gschwend, Heidrun Rexer, Michael Stöckle
Department of Urology, Saarland University, Kirrbergerstrasse, 66421, Homburg/Saar, Germany. ., Department of Urology, Saarland University, Kirrbergerstrasse, 66421, Homburg/Saar, Germany., PJ statistics, Berlin, Germany., Department of Urology, Klinikum Essen Mitte, Essen, Germany., Department of Urology, Klinikum Rechts der Isar, Technical University Munich, Munich, Germany., Working Group on Urological Oncology (AUO), Germany Cancer Society, Berlin, Germany.