Active surveillance of prostate cancer: Current state of practice and utility of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging

Active surveillance (AS) is an alternative to immediate intervention in patients with very low- and low-risk prostate cancer. Ongoing reports from multiple AS programs have consistently demonstrated a very low rate of metastasis and prostate cancerspecific mortality in appropriately selected patients. Accordingly, AS has been adopted by major clinical organizations as a safe and effective management strategy. Clinical focus has now shifted to identifying the optimal approach to selecting and monitoring patients. Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has emerged as one potentially helpful tool in the AS setting. The utility of mpMRI has been well demonstrated in the setting of screening and diagnosis, but its role in AS remains unclear. We summarize the published experience with AS and review pertinent, contemporary data on the use of mpMRI in the setting of AS.

Reviews in urology. 2017 Jan [Epub]

Ridwan Alam, H Ballentine Carter, Jonathan I Epstein, Jeffrey J Tosoian

The James Buchanan Brady Urological Institute, Department of Urology, Johns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimore, MD.

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