The feasibility of prostate-specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography(PSMA PET/CT)-guided radiotherapy in oligometastatic prostate cancer patients

To investigate the efficacy and toxicity of 68Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC ((68)Ga-PSMA) PET-CT-guided RT in the treatment of oligometastatic prostate cancer retrospectively.

A total of 23 prostate cancer patients with biochemical relapse, of which 13 were castration sensitive (CS) and 10 castration resistant (CR), were treated with intensity-modulated and image-guided RT (IMRT-IGRT) on ≤3 metastases detected by (68)Ga PSMA PET-CT. Androgen deprivation therapy was continued in CR patients.

A total of 38 metastases were treated. The involved sites were pelvic bone (n = 16), pelvic lymph nodes (n = 11), paraaortic lymph nodes (n = 6), ribs (n = 3) and vertebral body (n = 2). The median PSA prior to RT was 1.1 ng/mL (range 0.1-29.0 ng/mL). A median dose of 43.5 Gy (range 30-64 Gy) was delivered by IMRT-IGRT in 12-27 fractions. At a median follow-up of 7 months (range 2-17 months), 19 patients (83%) were in remission. Four patients (17%) developed distant recurrences. The actuarial 1-year LC, PFS and OS rates were 100, 51 (95% CI 8-83%) and 100%. Univariate analysis demonstrated a statistically significantly better PFS in CS patients as compared to CR patients (1-year PFS 67 vs. 0%, p < 0.01). One patient experienced grade 2 acute gastrointestinal toxicity. Grade 3 or more toxicity events were not observed.

By providing optimal LC, low toxicity and a promising PFS in CS patients, the current retrospective study illustrated that (68)Ga PSMA PET-CT-guided RT may be an attractive treatment strategy in patients with oligometastatic prostate cancer. Validation by randomized trials is eagerly awaited.

Clinical & translational oncology : official publication of the Federation of Spanish Oncology Societies and of the National Cancer Institute of Mexico. 2017 Aug 09 [Epub ahead of print]

O C Guler, B Engels, C Onal, H Everaert, R Van den Begin, T Gevaert, M de Ridder

Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, 61080, Turkey. ., Department of Radiotherapy, UZ Brussel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 101, B-1090 , Brussels, Belgium., Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Baskent University, Adana, Turkey., Department of Nuclear Medicine, UZ Brussel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 101, B-1090 , Brussels, Belgium.