PTEN loss detection in prostate cancer: comparison of PTEN immunohistochemistry and PTEN FISH in a large retrospective prostatectomy cohort

PTEN deletion is an established prognostic biomarker in prostate cancer. We compared PTEN immunohistochemistry (IHC) and PTEN fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in the largest existing radical prostatectomy cohort with clinical follow-up data. There was high concordance between IHC and FISH: 93% (3098/3330) of tumors with intact PTEN IHC showed absence of PTEN gene deletion and 66% (720/1087) of cases with PTEN protein loss by IHC showed PTEN gene deletion by FISH. 84% (447/533) of cases with PTEN homozygous gene deletion had PTEN protein loss by IHC. PTEN loss by IHC was associated with reduced PSA recurrence-free survival (RFS) in multivariable models (HR=1.3; 95% CI: 1.16-1.47). Among cases with either PTEN deletion or absence of PTEN deletion by FISH, PTEN loss by IHC was strongly associated with reduced RFS on univariable analysis (p=0.0005 and p<0.0001 respectively). Among cases with intact PTEN by IHC, homozygous (p=0.04) but not heterozygous (p=0.10) PTEN gene deletion was weakly associated with reduced RFS. Among cases with PTEN loss by IHC, both homozygous (p=0.0044) and heterozygous (p=0.0017) PTEN gene deletion were associated with reduced RFS. These data support the utility of PTEN IHC and PTEN FISH as complementary screening tools for PTEN loss in prostate cancer.

Oncotarget. 2017 Jul 10 [Epub ahead of print]

Tamara L Lotan, Asmus Heumann, Sebastian Dwertmann Rico, Jessica Hicks, Kristen Lecksell, Christina Koop, Guido Sauter, Thorsten Schlomm, Ronald Simon

Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA., Institute of Pathology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany., Martini-Klinik Prostate Cancer Center, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.