The objective of this study was to retrospectively analyze the oncological outcomes of Japanese patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) who received cabazitaxel. This study included a total of 63 consecutive Japanese mCRPC patients treated with cabazitaxel following the failure of docetaxel, and assessed the prognostic significance of cabazitaxel therapy in these patients focusing on the association of efficacies between two taxane agents. After treatment with cabazitaxel (median 5 cycles), prostate-specific antigen (PSA) decline was observed in 39 patients (61.9%), including 13 (27.0%) achieving the response defined by PSA decline ≥50%. The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) periods after the introduction of cabazitaxel were 4.1 and 14.8 months, respectively. The response rate to cabazitaxel was not significantly different between responders and non-responders to prior docetaxel, and there was no significant correlation between the PFSs with docetaxel and cabazitaxel. Furthermore, univariate analyses of several parameters identified the performance status (PS) and clinical symptoms, but not the cycles of docetaxel therapy, total amount of administered docetaxel or objective response to docetaxel therapy, as significant predictors of OS on cabazitaxel therapy, of which only PS was independently associated with OS on multivariate analysis. These findings suggest that oncological outcomes in Japanese mCRPC patients receiving cabazitaxel are generally satisfactory, irrespective of the profiles related to prior treatment with docetaxel, and that it might be preferable to introduce cabazitaxel to mCRPC patients with a good PS to maximize the prognostic benefit of this agent.
Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England). 2017 Jul 17 [Epub]
Hideaki Miyake, Takayuki Sugiyama, Ryota Aki, Yuto Matsushita, Keita Tamura, Daisuke Motoyama, Toshiki Ito, Atsushi Otsuka
Department of Urology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handayama, Higashi-Ku, Hamamatsu, 431-3192, Japan. ., Department of Urology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handayama, Higashi-Ku, Hamamatsu, 431-3192, Japan.