Impact of an alternative steroid on the relative bioavailability and bioequivalence of a novel versus the originator formulation of abiraterone acetate

The originator abiraterone acetate (OAA) formulation is used for the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). This study evaluated the bioavailability and bioequivalence of a novel formulation, abiraterone acetate fine particle (AAFP), versus OAA on a steady-state background of steroids.

Thirty-seven healthy male subjects were randomized in a crossover design to receive methylprednisolone (4 mg twice daily) or prednisone (5 mg twice daily) for 12 days in Period 1. On Day 11 of Period 1, subjects given methylprednisolone received a single dose of AAFP 500 mg, and subjects given prednisone received a single dose of OAA 1000 mg under fasted conditions. After a 2-week steroid washout period, subjects received the alternate treatments in Period 2.

There were no statistical differences regarding area under the curve (AUC) and maximum concentration (C max) between AAFP and OAA. The bioavailability of abiraterone from AAFP versus OAA by geometric mean ratio was AUC0-∞, 95.9% (90% confidence interval [CI] 86.0-106.9); AUC0-t , 99.2% (88.7-110.9); and C max, 116.8% (102.2-133.4). The coefficient of variation (CV) was smaller for AAFP versus OAA (AUC0-∞, CV 44.23 vs. 55.61%; AUC0-t , 45.17 vs. 58.16%; C max, 54.55 vs. 65.65%, respectively). Both treatments were safe and well tolerated.

AAFP plus methylprednisolone provided abiraterone exposure that was comparable to OAA plus prednisone with respect to C max and AUC. Less drug exposure variability was observed with AAFP compared with OAA. Reduced pharmacokinetic variability may positively influence clinical outcomes and warrants further study in mCRPC patients.

Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology. 2017 Jul 10 [Epub ahead of print]

Azra Hussaini, Anthony J Olszanski, Cy A Stein, Bill Bosch, Paul Nemeth

PAREXEL Early Phase Clinical Unit, Harbor Hospital, 3001 South Hanover Street, 7th floor, Baltimore, MD, 21225, USA., Medical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, 333 Cottman Avenue, Philadelphia, PA, 19111, USA., City of Hope, 1500, East Duarte Road, Duarte, CA, 91010, USA., Churchill Pharmaceuticals LLC, 3602 Horizon Drive, Suite 160, King of Prussia, PA, 19406, USA., Churchill Pharmaceuticals LLC, 3602 Horizon Drive, Suite 160, King of Prussia, PA, 19406, USA. .