Radical Prostatectomy for High-risk Localized or Node-Positive Prostate Cancer: Removing the Primary

We reviewed the literature to determine what role, if any, radical prostatectomy should play in the treatment of high-risk and/or node-positive prostate cancer.

The AUA, NCCN, and EAU all include radical prostatectomy as a treatment option for high-risk prostate cancer based on evidence that has shown improvements in biochemical-free and disease-specific survival. Lymph node-positive patients may also derive benefit from radical prostatectomy with lymph node dissection, however, only retrospective studies with high risk of selection bias have been published to date. High-risk prostate cancer is a heterogeneous disease representing a wide range of disease characteristics. Radical surgery, historically avoided in such patients, may now be considered a valid treatment option for select cases. The adverse effects of surgery using modern techniques lead to similar quality of life outcomes as radiation therapy, and treatment of the primary tumor is likely beneficial when compared to ADT alone.

Current urology reports. 2017 Jul [Epub]

Justin T Matulay, G Joel DeCastro

Department of Urology, Columbia University Medical Center, 161 Fort Washington Ave, 11th Floor, New York, NY, 10032, USA., Department of Urology, Columbia University Medical Center, 161 Fort Washington Ave, 11th Floor, New York, NY, 10032, USA. .