Retargeting of T lymphocytes to PSCA- or PSMA positive prostate cancer cells using the novel modular chimeric antigen receptor platform technology "UniCAR".

New treatment options especially of solid tumors including for metastasized prostate cancer (PCa) are urgently needed. Recent treatments of leukemias with chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) underline their impressive therapeutic potential. However CARs currently applied in the clinics cannot be repeatedly turned on and off potentially leading to severe life threatening side effects. To overcome these problems, we recently described a modular CAR technology termed UniCAR: UniCAR T cells are inert but can be turned on by application of one or multiple target modules (TMs). Here we present preclinical data summarizing the retargeting of UniCAR T cells to PCa cells using TMs directed to prostate stem cell- (PSCA) or/and prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA). In the presence of the respective TM(s), we see a highly efficient target-specific and target-dependent activation of UniCAR T cells, secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and PCa cell lysis both in vitro and experimental mice.

Oncotarget. 2017 Feb 21 [Epub ahead of print]

Anja Feldmann, Claudia Arndt, Ralf Bergmann, Simon Loff, Marc Cartellieri, Dominik Bachmann, Roberta Aliperta, Mirjam Hetzenecker, Florian Ludwig, Susann Albert, Pauline Ziller-Walter, Alexandra Kegler, Stefanie Koristka, Sebastian Gärtner, Marc Schmitz, Armin Ehninger, Gerhard Ehninger, Jens Pietzsch, Jörg Steinbach, Michael Bachmann

Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR), Institute of Radiopharmaceutical Cancer Research, Dresden, Germany., UniversityCancerCenter (UCC) 'Carl Gustav Carus' TU Dresden, Tumor Immunology, Dresden, Germany., Institute of Immunology, 'Carl Gustav Carus', TU Dresden, Dresden, Germany., GEMoaB Monoclonals GmbH, Dresden, Germany.