Assessing the validity of Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADS v2) scoring system in diagnosis of peripheral zone prostate cancer

Assessing the accuracy of multi parametric magnetic resonance (mp-MRI) after application of PI-RADS V2 for diagnosis of prostate cancer as comparison to pathological results of trans rectal ultra-sound (TRUS) guided biopsy.

138 prostatic lesions in 23 patients were retrospectively assessed and analyzed with Trans rectal ultra-sound (TRUS) guided biopsy results. Those patients underwent multi parametric magnetic resonance (mp-MRI) with application of PI-RADS V2 reporting system. The sensitivity, specificity, validity, negative predictive value and positive predictive value were calculated for PI-RADS V2 reporting system compared to biopsy-proven pathological results.

92 out of 138 lesions were positive for Peripheral zone cancer prostate. PI-RADS V2 reporting system proved 88.04% sensitive & 93.4% specific for diagnosis of prostate cancer with negative predictive value & positive predictive value of 100%.

Our results proved that mp-MRI of prostate using PI-RADS v2 scoring system had high sensitivity and specificity in diagnosis of prostate cancer and PI-RADS V2 scoring system using mp-MRI is recommended as a non-invasive diagnostic tool compared to TRUS guided biopsy.

European journal of radiology open. 2017 Mar 21*** epublish ***

Eman F Dola, Osama L Nakhla, Eman A Sh Genidi

Radiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt., Radiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Beni Sueif University, Egypt.