A Clinician Referral and 12-Week Exercise Training Programme for Men With Prostate Cancer: Outcomes to 12 Months of the ENGAGE Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial

The ENGAGE (efficacy of a referral and physical activity programme for survivors of prostate cancer) study established that a clinician referral and 12-week exercise training programme increased vigorous physical activity at 12 weeks among men with prostate cancer. Here, we report the 6- and 12-month outcomes.

In this multicentre cluster randomised controlled trial, we compared a clinician referral and exercise training programme to usual care. Discounted gym membership was offered to men in the intervention condition on completion of the 12-week exercise programme. Self-reported physical activity at 6 and 12 months was the primary outcome. Quality of life, anxiety, and depressive symptoms were secondary outcomes.

A total of 147 men meeting eligibility criteria agreed to participate (54 intervention, 93 control). A positive interaction effect for vigorous physical activity was observed at 6 months, but not 12 months. No significant effects for the secondary outcomes were found.

A clinician referral and community-based supervised and unsupervised exercise training programme, along with discounted gym membership, had a positive short-term effect on vigorous physical activity levels, but did not improve quality of life, in men with prostate cancer.

Journal of physical activity & health. 2017 Feb 07 [Epub ahead of print]

Cadeyrn J Gaskin, Melinda Craike, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Kerry S Courneya, Patricia M Livingston

1 Deakin University, Geelong, Australia, Faculty of Health., 2 Deakin University, Geelong, Australia, Centre for Social and Early Emotional Development & School of Psychology., 4 Deakin University, Geelong, Australia, Biostatistics Unit, Faculty of Health., 5 Behavioural Medicine Laboratory, Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.