Co-Delivery of Docetaxel and p44/42 MAPK siRNA Using PSMA Antibody-Conjugated BSA-PEI Layer-by-Layer Nanoparticles for Prostate Cancer Target Therapy.

How to overcome the low accumulation of chemotherapeutic agent in tumor tissue and exhibit multitherapeutics remains an ongoing challenge for cancer treatment. Here, a simple method is demonstrated that used to prepare prostate-specific membrane antigen antibody (PSMAab )-conjugated fluorescent bovine serum albumin (BSA)-branched polyethylenimine layer-by-layer nanoparticles (BSA-PEILBL NPs) for co-delivery of docetaxel (DTX) and p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) small interfering RNA (p44/42 MAPK siRNA) as synergistic and selective inhibition of cancer cell proliferation platform.

The results show the levels of α-tubulin and p44/42 MAPK in CWR22R cells are significantly reduced after treatment with PSMAab -conjugated DTX/BSA-PEILBL /siRNA NPs. Consequently, the 50% cellular growth inhibition (IC50 ) values of the NPs loaded with both DTX and p44/42 MAPK siRNA are ≈2.1-fold less than those for the NPs only loaded with DTX. The median survival significantly prolongs from 18 d to upward 45 d compared to mice that receive same dose (12 mg kg(-1) ) of free DTX. The results suggest this synergistic delivery system may be a promising clinical treatment in prostate cancer.

Macromolecular bioscience. 2017 Jan 27 [Epub ahead of print]

See-Tong Pang, Feng-Wei Lin, Cheng-Keng Chuang, Hung-Wei Yang

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, 5 Fuxing St., Guishan Dist., Taoyuan, 33305, Taiwan., Institute of Medical Science and Technology, National Sun Yat-sen University, 70 Lienhai Rd., Kaohsiung, 80424, Taiwan.