The evolving role of chemotherapy in prostate cancer

Despite extensive clinical research of different chemotherapy agents for more than three decades, the role of chemotherapy in prostate cancer was only established in 2004, after demonstrating a survival benefit with docetaxel in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. 6 years later, second-line chemotherapy using cabazitaxel, after disease progression on docetaxel, demonstrated an additional survival improvement. Recently, docetaxel given alongside standard hormonal therapy in newly diagnosed advanced prostate cancer was found to lead to significantly improved patient outcomes. This article aims to cover the role of chemotherapy in prostate cancer and the latest developments.

Future oncology (London, England). 2017 Jan 18 [Epub ahead of print]

Suliman Boulos, Danish Mazhar

Department of Oncology, Addenbrooke's Cambridge University Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, UK.