Differential diagnosis of prostate cancer and noncancerous tissue in the peripheral zone and central gland using the quantitative parameters of DCE-MRI: A meta-analysis.

The objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of K, Kep, and Ve values in the differential diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa) and noncancerous tissue in the peripheral zone (PZ) and central gland (CG).

A search was conducted of the PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang databases from January 2000 to October 2015 using the search terms "prostate cancer," " dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)," "magnetic resonance imaging," "K," "Kep," and "Ve." Studies were selected and included according to strict eligibility criteria. Standardized mean differences (SMDs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to compare K, Kep, and Ve values between PCa and noncancerous tissue.

Fourteen studies representing 484 patients highly suspicious for prostate adenocarcinoma were selected for the meta-analysis. We found that K values measured by dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) were significantly higher in PCa tissue than in noncancerous tissue in the PZ (SMD 1.57, 95% CI 0.98-2.16; z = 5.21, P <0.00001) and CG (SMD 1.19, 95% CI 0.46-1.91; z = 3.21, P = 0.001). Kep values measured by DCE-MRI were significantly higher in PCa than in noncancerous tissue in the PZ (SMD 1.41, 95% CI 0.92-1.91; z = 5.59, P < 0.00001) and CG (SMD 1.57, 95% CI 0.69-2.46; z = 3.49, P = 0.0005). Ve values generated by DCE-MRI were slightly higher in PCa than in noncancerous tissue in the PZ (SMD 0.72, 95% CI 0.17-1.27; z = 2.58, P = 0.010), but sensitivity analysis found that the Ve value was unstable for differentiation between PCa and noncancerous PZ tissue. However, there was no significant difference in the Ve value between PCa and noncancerous CG tissue (SMD -0.29, 95% CI -1.18, 0.59; z = 0.65, P = 0.51).

Our meta-analysis shows that K and Kep were the most reliable parameters for differentiating PCa from noncancerous tissue and were critical for evaluation of the internal structure of cancer. The Ve value was not helpful for distinguishing PCa from noncancerous CG tissue; its ability to distinguish between PCa and noncancerous PZ tissue remains uncertain.

Medicine. 2016 Dec [Epub]

Peng Gao, Changzheng Shi, Lianping Zhao, Quan Zhou, Liangping Luo

aMedical Imaging Center, First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou bDepartment of Radiology, Gansu Provincial Hospital, Gansu, China.