11C-Acetate-PET/CT Compared to 99mTc-HDP Bone Scintigraphy in Primary Staging of High-risk Prostate Cancer

The aim of this study was to evaluate the detection rate of bone metastases and the added value of (11)C-acetate (ACE) positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) compared to bone scintigraphy (BS) in high-risk prostate cancer (PC).

A total of 66 untreated patients with high-risk PC with ACE-PET/CT and planar BS findings within 3 months of each other were retrospectively enrolled. Findings were compared and verified with follow-up data after an average of 26 months.

The rate of detection of bone metastases was superior with ACE-PET/CT compared to BS (p<0.01). Agreement between the methods and between BS and follow-up was moderate (Cohen's kappa coefficient of 0.64 and 0.66, respectively). Agreement between ACE-PET/CT and follow-up was excellent (kappa coefficient of 0.95). Therapy was changed in 11% of patients due to ACE-PET/CT results.

ACE-PET/CT performed better than planar BS in detection of bone metastases in high-risk PC. ACE-PET/CT findings influenced clinical management.

Anticancer research. 2016 Dec [Epub]

Sara Strandberg, Camilla Thellenberg Karlsson, Mattias Ogren, Jan Axelsson, Katrine Riklund

Department of Radiation Sciences, Umea University, Umea, Sweden ., Department of Radiation Sciences, Umea University, Umea, Sweden.