Is it essential to use fiducial markers during cone-beam CT-based radiotherapy for prostate cancer patients?

To compare soft-tissue cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT-P) and fiducial marker (CBCT-FM)-based image guided radiotherapy in prostate cancer patients.

Sixteen prostate cancer patients were treated with volumetric modulated arc therapy. Manual alignment using CBCT-P and CBCT-FM was performed for each patient. Couch shifts were calculated and compared between methods in the left-right (x), superior-inferior (y), and anterior-posterior (z) directions.

CBCT-P and CBCT-FM alignments were compared using 252 scans from the 16 patients. Mean displacement from zero was 2.4 ± 1.3, 1.7 ± 1.2, and 1.8 ± 1.1 mm for CBCT-P and 2.3 ± 1.3, 1.7 ± 1.1 and 1.8 ± 1.1 mm for CBCT-FM in the x, y and z directions, respectively. There was no difference in median displacement between CBCT-P and CBCT-FM; however, there was a significant positive correlation between CBCT-P- and CBCT-FM-based displacements in the x (r = 0.881; p < 0.001), y (r = 0.789; p < 0.001) and z (r = 0.856; p < 0.001) directions by linear regression analysis. Systematic deviations within each group were <1 mm; however, random and systematic errors were similar in the x and y directions but larger in the z direction.

Our study demonstrated that CBCT-FM was not superior to CBCT-P for image-guided radiotherapy in prostate cancer patients.

Japanese journal of radiology. 2016 Oct 11 [Epub ahead of print]

Berna A Yildirim, Cem Onal, Yemliha Dolek

Department of Radiation Oncology, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, 01120, Adana, Turkey., Department of Radiation Oncology, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, 01120, Adana, Turkey. .