Comparison Between a Combined Transrectal and Transperineal Approach and a Transrectal Approach for Prostate Rebiopsy

To evaluate whether a combination method involving the transrectal (TR) and transperineal (TP) approach can increase the cancer detection rate relative to the TR approach regarding repeat prostate biopsy.

One thousand and nineteen patients underwent initial prostate biopsies and 298 repeat prostate biopsies. All initial biopsies were conducted transrectally. Of the repeat biopsies, 179 (60.1%) were performed using the combined transrectal and transperineal (TR+TP) approach; 113 (37.9%) were carried out transrectally. All biopsies were performed under ultrasound guidance using a 16-gauge core biopsy needle; 651 were diagnosed as prostate cancer; 224 patients underwent radical prostatectomies (RPs). We evaluated the cancer detection rates between the biopsy methods in the repeat biopsy cohort and compared the clinical and pathological features of the RP specimens between the initial and repeat biopsy groups.

A median of 12 and 20 cores were obtained in the initial and repeat biopsy patients, respectively. Cancer detection rates regarding biopsies 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 were 49.2% (551/1,119), 34.7% (75/216), 33.3% (20/60), 26.7% (4/15) and 14.3% (1/7), respectively. There were no significant differences between the TR and the TR+TP approach (32.7% vs. 33.5%). RP specimens diagnosed using repeat biopsies showed more anterior dominant tumors relative to those diagnosed using the initial biopsies (59.5% vs. 35.9%; p<0.001).

The TR+TP combination approach could not increase cancer detection rates relative to the TR approach in the repeat biopsy cohort. However, 16-gauge needle biopsy demonstrated acceptable cancer detection rates in the comparatively small number of biopsy cores.

Anticancer research. 2016 Sep [Epub]

Yohei Shida, Tomoaki Hakariya, Kosuke Takehara, Toru Onita, Yasuyoshi Miyata, Hideki Sakai

Department of Nephro-Urology, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan ., Department of Nephro-Urology, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan.

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