The purpose of this study was to examine, using a US electronic medical records (EMR) database, the clinical characteristics and real-world treatment sequences in men with advanced prostate cancer who initiated treatment with abiraterone acetate or enzalutamide.
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This retrospective, observational study evaluated adult male patients with a diagnosis of prostate cancer (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification code 185) in the EMR database between July 1, 2011, and March 31, 2014, who had initiated first-line treatment with abiraterone acetate or enzalutamide between September 1, 2012, and March 31, 2014. The first record for a patient initiating abiraterone acetate or enzalutamide was the index date. Patients had 6 months of pre-index medical record history and a variable length follow-up period, extending from the index date to the end of medical record data availability or date of the end of the study (March 31, 2014). The sequence of first- and second-line therapies for advanced prostate cancer therapy was reported.
A total of 809 patients met study inclusion and exclusion criteria. This study found that the majority of patients who initiated treatment with either abiraterone acetate or enzalutamide between September 1, 2012, and March 31, 2014, received a single line of therapy (72%); abiraterone acetate was the most common first-line treatment (74% of first-line patients). A subset of patients treated first-line with either abiraterone acetate or enzalutamide were transitioned to an oral second-line agent (17% of first-line abiraterone acetate-treated patients transitioned to second-line enzalutamide, and 16% of first-line enzalutamide-treated patients transitioned to second-line abiraterone acetate). Chemotherapy with docetaxel was also a commonly observed second-line treatment selection, occurring in 8% of first-line abiraterone acetate-treated patients and in 7% of first-line enzalutamide-treated patients.
This EMR study is among the first to present evidence of US physician practice prescribing patterns regarding initiation of oral antineoplastic agents and use of subsequent therapies in patients with advanced prostate cancer.
Clinical therapeutics. 2016 Aug 01 [Epub ahead of print]
Elisabetta Malangone-Monaco, Kathleen Foley, Helen Varker, Kathleen L Wilson, Scott McKenzie, Lorie Ellis
Truven Health Analytics, Inc, Bethesda, Maryland. Electronic address: ., Truven Health Analytics, Inc, Bethesda, Maryland., Truven Health Analytics, Inc, Bethesda, Maryland., Truven Health Analytics, Inc, Bethesda, Maryland., Janssen Pharmaceuticals, LLC, Horsham, Pennsylvania., Janssen Pharmaceuticals, LLC, Horsham, Pennsylvania.