This research has explored in combination several lifestyle factors of men diagnosed with prostate cancer and other cancers in central Argentina and their predisposition for lifestyle changes after cancer.
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After diagnosis, cases significantly reduced the intake of meats and fats, and reported other dietary modifications with increased consumption of fish, fruits (including red fruits in prostate cancer), cruciferous vegetables, legumes and nuts.
Even though favorable dietary changes, and less alcohol intake and quit smoking have occurred in a significant number of men of this study, other lifestyle behaviors such as those associated with low levels of physical activity, inadequate sleep, high use of antidepressant and sleep medications, and lack of emotional support would need to be addressed in order to improve patient’s quality of life and treatment outcomes.
This research provides data that men diagnosed with cancer may be prone to modify previous unhealthy lifestyle behaviors and supports worldwide trends in which a combination of lifestyle factors could potentially be targeted by multidisciplinary health teams throughout oncological treatment.
Written by: Sandaly O. S. Pacheco 1,2,†, Fabio J. Pacheco 1,2,†,* , Gimena M. J. Zapata 1,3, Julieta M. E. Garcia 1,3, Carlos A. Previale 1,3, Héctor E. Cura 4 and Winston J. Craig 2,5
† These authors contributed equally to this work.
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1 Center for Health Sciences Research, School of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universidad Adventista del Plata, Libertador San Martín, 25 de Mayo 99, Entre Ríos 3103, Argentina
2 Institute for Food Science and Nutrition, Universidad Adventista del Plata, Libertador San Martín, 25 de Mayo 99, Entre Ríos 3103, Argentina
3 Division of Clinical Oncology, Sanatorio Adventista del Plata, Libertador San Martín, 25 de Mayo 255, Entre Ríos 3103, Argentina
4 Division of Radiation Oncology, Unidad de Terapia Radiante Entre Ríos, Paraná, Além 654, Entre Ríos 3100, Argentina
5 Department of Public Health, Nutrition and Wellness, School of Health Professions, Andrews University, Berrien Springs, MI 49104, USA