The Effects of Enzalutamide Monotherapy on Multiparametric 3T MR Imaging in Prostate Cancer.

The effects of enzalutamide monotherapy on prostate tumor downsizing and multiparametric MRI are currently unknown. Here we present the first case in literature of a patient with high-grade prostate cancer who underwent 3 months of neoadjuvant enzalutamide, for which the effects on mpMRI and histology were determined. Tumor size reduction and downstaging were noted. Neoadjuvant enzalutamide resulted in an increase in ADC value on the DWI-MRI sequences. Histological changes were also observed.

Urology case reports. 2016 May 26*** epublish ***

Rosanne Cv Van der Roest, Petra J van Houdt, Stijn Wtpj Heijmink, Jeroen de Jong, André M Bergman, Wilbert Zwart, Uulke A van der Heide, Henk G van der Poel

Department of Urology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands., Department of Radiotherapy, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands., Department of Radiology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands., Department of Pathology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands., Department of Medical Oncology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands., Department of Molecular Pathology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands., Department of Radiotherapy, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands., Department of Urology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

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