Relationships between insulin resistance and frailty with body composition and testosterone in men undergoing androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer.

While androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) has been associated with insulin resistance and frailty, controlled prospective studies are lacking. We aimed to examine relationships between insulin resistance and frailty with body composition and testosterone.

Case-control prospective study.

63 men with non-metastatic prostate cancer newly commencing ADT (n=34) and age-matched prostate cancer controls (n=29) were recruited. Main outcomes were insulin resistance (HOMA2-IR), Fried's frailty score, body composition by dual x-ray absorptiometry and short physical performance battery (SPPB) measured at 0, 6 and 12 months. A generalised linear model determined the mean adjusted difference [95% CI] between groups.

Compared to controls over 12 months, men receiving ADT had reductions in mean total testosterone level (14.1 to 0.4nmol/L, p<0.001), mean adjusted gain in fat mass of 3530g [2012, 5047], p<0.02 and loss of lean mass of 1491g [181, 2801], p<0.02. Visceral fat was unchanged. HOMA2-IR in the ADT group increased 0.59 [0.24, 0.94], p=0.02 which was most related to the increase in fat mass (p=0.003), less to lean mass (p=0.09) or total testosterone (p=0.088). Frailty increased with ADT (p<0.0001), which was related to decreased testosterone (p=0.028), and less to fat mass (p=0.056) or lean mass (p=0.79). SPPB was unchanged.

ADT is associated with increased insulin resistance and frailty within 12 months of commencement, independently of confounding effects of cancer or radiotherapy. Insulin resistance appears to be mediated by subcutaneous or peripheral sites of fat deposition. Prevention of fat gain is an important strategy to prevent adverse ADT-associated cardiometabolic risks.

European journal of endocrinology / European Federation of Endocrine Societies. 2016 Jun 23 [Epub ahead of print]

Ada S Cheung, Rudolf Hoermann, Philippe Dupuis, Daryl Lim Joon, Jd Zajac, Mathis Grossmann

A Cheung, Department of Medicine (Austin Health), The University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Australia ., R Hoermann, Department of Medicine (Austin Health), The University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Australia., P Dupuis, Department of Medicine (Austin Health), The University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Australia., D Lim Joon, Department of Medicine (Austin Health), The University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Australia., J Zajac, Department of Medicine (Austin Health), The University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Australia., M Grossmann, Department of Medicine (Austin Health), The University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Australia.

E-Newsletters

Newsletter subscription

Free Daily and Weekly newsletters offered by content of interest

The fields of GU Oncology and Urology are rapidly advancing. Sign up today for articles, videos, conference highlights and abstracts from peer-review publications by disease and condition delivered to your inbox and read on the go.

Subscribe