Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer (PCa) is associated with several side effects, including loss of muscle mass. Muscle atrophy is associated with reduced mitochondrial function and increased muscle cellular stress that may be counteracted by strength training. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of strength training on mitochondrial proteins and indicators of muscle cellular stress in PCa patients on ADT.
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Men diagnosed with locally advanced PCa receiving ADT were randomised to a strength training group (STG) (n=16) or a control group (CG) (n=15) for 16 weeks. Muscle biopsies were collected pre- and post-intervention from the vastus lateralis muscle, and analysed for mitochondrial proteins (citrate synthase, cytochrome c oxidase subunit IV (COXIV), HSP60) and indicators of muscle cellular stress (heat shock protein (HSP) 70, alpha B-crystallin, HSP27, free ubiquitin, and total ubiquitinated proteins) using Western blot and ELISA.
No significant intervention effects were observed in any of the mitochondrial proteins or indicators of muscle cellular stress. However, within-group analysis revealed that the level of HSP70 was reduced in the STG and a tendency towards a reduction in citrate synthase levels was observed in the CG. Levels of total ubiquitinated proteins were unchanged in both groups.
Although reduced HSP70 levels indicated reduced muscle cellular stress in the STG, the lack of an intervention effect precluded any clear conclusions.
Endocrine connections. 2016 Mar [Epub]
T S Nilsen, L Thorsen, C Kirkegaard, I Ugelstad, S D Fosså, T Raastad
Department of Physical PerformanceNorwegian School of Sports Sciences, Oslo, Norway ., Department of OncologyOslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway., Department of Physical PerformanceNorwegian School of Sports Sciences, Oslo, Norway., Department of Physical PerformanceNorwegian School of Sports Sciences, Oslo, Norway., Department of OncologyOslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway., Department of Physical PerformanceNorwegian School of Sports Sciences, Oslo, Norway.