African American men bear a higher burden of prostate cancer than Caucasian men, but knowledge about how to make an informed decision about prostate cancer screening is limited. A lay health advisor model was used to train "Prostate Cancer Ambassadors" on prostate cancer risk and symptoms, how to make an informed decision for prostate-specific antigen screening, and how to deliver the information to members of their community. Training consisted of two, 6-hour interactive sessions and was implemented in three predominantly African American communities over an 8-month period between 2013 and 2014. Following training, Ambassadors committed to contacting at least 10 people within 3 months using a toolkit composed of wallet-sized informational cards for distribution, a slide presentation, and a flip chart. Thirty-two Ambassadors were trained, with more than half being females (59%) and half reporting a family history of prostate cancer. Prostate cancer knowledge improved significantly among Ambassadors (p≤ .0001). Self-efficacy improved significantly for performing outreach tasks (p< .0001), and among women in helping a loved one with making an informed decision (p= .005). There was also an improvement in collective efficacy in team members (p= .0003). Twenty-nine of the Ambassadors fulfilled their commitment to reach at least 10 people (average number of contacts per Ambassador was 11). In total, 355 individuals were reached with the prostate cancer information. The Ambassador training program proved successful in training Ambassadors to reach communities about prostate cancer and how to make an informed decision about screening.
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American journal of men's health. 2016 Apr 19 [Epub ahead of print]
Anissa I Vines, Jaimie C Hunter, Veronica A Carlisle, Alan N Richmond
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA ., The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA., The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA., North Carolina Community Health Leadership Roundtable, Raleigh, NC, USA.