Developments in urologic oncology «OncoForum»: The best of 2015.

OBJECTIVE - To review the latest evidence on the oncologic urology of prostate, renal and bladder tumours, analysing their impact on daily clinical practice and future medium to long-term regimens.

METHODS - We review the abstracts on prostate, renal and bladder cancer presented at the 2015 congresses (EAU, AUA, ASCO, ESMO y ASTRO) that received the best evaluations by the OncoForum committee.

RESULTS - Cabozantinib could represent a new second-line (or subsequent) treatment option for patients with advanced renal cancer. In muscle-invasive bladder cancer, the genetic expression profile could predict the clinical benefit of neoadjuvant therapy in treating urothelial tumours. In metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, results were presented from various studies that evaluated the addition of chemotherapy to standard treatment with androgen deprivation, showing a reduction in the progression risk and higher PSA response rates.

CONCLUSIONS - New options for the second-line treatment of renal cancer were presented. In metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, various studies have been published on treatment with enzalutamide, which has been shown to delay the symptomatic disease and benefit overall survival.

Actas urologicas espanolas. 2016 Apr 06 [Epub ahead of print]

F Gómez-Veiga, A Alcaraz-Asensio, J Burgos-Revilla, J Cózar-Olmo

Servicio de Urología, Hospital Universitario de Salamanca, Grupo de Investigación Traslacional de Urología (GITUR), Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Salamanca (IBSAL), Salamanca, España.  Servicio de Urología, Hospital Clínic Universitari, Barcelona, España., Servicio de Urología, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, España., Servicio de Urología, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Granada, Granada, España.

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