Overexpression of ribosomal L1 domain containing 1 is associated with an aggressive phenotype and a poor prognosis in patients with prostate cancer.

The aim of the present study was to investigate the overexpression and significance of ribosomal L1 domain containing 1 (RSL1D1) in prostate cancer (PCA). The present study performed immunohistochemical analysis on the tissues of 138 patients with pathologically confirmed PCA.

The patients were followed up for a median of 87 months. In addition, 50 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) were enrolled in the present study as a control group. Of the 138 PCA tissue samples, 124 (89.9%) expressed RSL1D1, while 4 out of the 50 (8.0%) BPH tissues expressed RSL1D1. The present study defined a high RSL1D1 expression level as the relative gene expression that was equal to or higher than the median, and low expression as the gene expression lower than the median. The pathological stage of patients with PCA (≥pT3a vs. pT2c) and the Gleason scores of patients (≥7 vs. <7) were associated with RSL1D1 expression (χ(2)=4.809 and 14.703; P=0.028 and P<0.0001, respectively) and a high expression of RSL1D1 (χ(2)=10.294 and 17.520; P=0.001 and P<0.0001, respectively). Kaplan-Meier curve analysis demonstrated that the biochemical recurrence (BCR)-free survival rate of the patients was increased in patients without RSL1D1 expression (P=0.0046), in those with low RSL1D1 expression (P<0.0001) and in those without RSL1D1 expression in the mesenchyme (P=0.006) compared with those patients with no expression, low expression and no mesenchymal expression, respectively. A high expression level of RSL1D1 was demonstrated to be an independent prognostic factor of BCR in patients with PCA using Cox regression analysis. Overall, the present study demonstrated that RSL1D1 expression was associated with PCA, and that it may aid in the improvement of diagnosis, prognosis and risk stratification of patients with PCA.

Oncology letters. 2016 Mar 01 [Epub]

Xiao-Ping Li, J U Jiao, L I Lu, Qiong Zou, Shu Zhu, Yong Zhang

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510630, P.R. China., Department of Nuclear Medicine, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510630, P.R. China., Department of Urology, Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510655, P.R. China., Department of Nuclear Medicine, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510630, P.R. China., Department of Nuclear Medicine, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510630, P.R. China., Department of Nuclear Medicine, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510630, P.R. China.