Early toxicity of hypofractionated radiotherapy for prostate cancer.

Hypofractionated accelerated radiotherapy (HART) is now a feasible option for prostate cancer treatment apropos toxicity, biochemical control and shortening of treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate hypofractionated schedules in the treatment of patients with localized prostate cancer.

Between 2011-2014, 158 patients were treated using the RapidArc technique with IGRT. The target volume for low risk patients was the prostate alone with a prescribed dose of 20x3.0 Gy (EQD2=77 Gy). Targets volumes for intermediate and high risk patients were prostate and two thirds of the seminal vesicles with a prescribed dose 21-22x3.0/2.1 Gy (EQD2=81/45.4-84.9/47.5). Based on radiobiological modelling of early toxicity, we used four fractions per week in the low risk group and four fractions in odd weeks and three fractions in even weeks in intermediate and high risk groups. The RTOG/EORTC toxicity scale was used.

Early genitourinary (GU) toxicity was observed for grades 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 in 73 (46%), 60 (38%), 22 (14%), 0 and 3 (2%), respectively; early gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity was recorded for grades 0, 1, 2 and 3 in 119 (75%), 37 (23%), and 2 (1%) patients, respectively.

A combination of moderate hypofractionation, number of fractions per week adapted to target volume and precise dose delivery technique with image guidance appears safe with low early toxicity. Longer follow up is needed to assess late toxicity and tumor control probability.

Biomedical papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacky, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia. 2016 Mar 04 [Epub ahead of print]

Pavel Krupa, Hana Ticha, Tomas Kazda, Radana Dymackova, Jana Zitterbartova, Anna Odlozilikova, Libor Kominek, Lukas Bobek, Ales Kudlacek, Pavel Slampa

Clinic of Radiation Oncology, Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute, Brno, Czech Republic., Department of Medical Physics, Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute, Brno, Czech Republic., Clinic of Radiation Oncology, Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute, Brno, Czech Republic., Clinic of Radiation Oncology, Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute, Brno, Czech Republic., Clinic of Radiation Oncology, Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute, Brno, Czech Republic., Department of Medical Physics, Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute, Brno, Czech Republic., Clinic of Radiation Oncology, Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute, Brno, Czech Republic., Clinic of Radiation Oncology, Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute, Brno, Czech Republic., Clinic of Radiation Oncology, Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute, Brno, Czech Republic., Clinic of Radiation Oncology, Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute, Brno, Czech Republic.

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