BACKGROUND - Perioperative bleeding is a potential complication of robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) that may worsen outcomes. The role of local hemostatic materials in RALP has not been adequately assessed.
We evaluated the hemostatic impact of FloSeal (Baxter International Inc. , Fremont, Calif. , USA) in RALP.
METHODS - A retrospective analysis was performed of 392 consecutive patients with prostate cancer who underwent RALP at our institution between February 2008 and July 2014. The patients were divided into 2 consecutive homogenous groups based on the use of FloSeal. Group A included 200 patients who underwent RALP between February 2008 and May 2011, with hemostasis performed using only traditional techniques. Group B included the remaining 192 patients, who underwent RALP between June 2011 and July 2014 and received FloSeal 5 ml after traditional hemostatic methods. We compared the blood transfusion rate, the differences between immediate postoperative hemoglobin (Hb) and mean postoperative day 1 (POD1) Hb levels, difference between POD1 and least Hb levels and difference between immediate postoperative Hb and least Hb levels.
RESULTS - The intraoperative use of FloSeal significantly decreased the blood transfusions rate, from 8. 5 to 2. 1% (p = 0. 004). FloSeal was also associated with significant improvements in the difference between the immediate postoperative Hb and POD1 Hb levels (p = 0. 03), mean POD1 Hb and least Hb (p = 0. 01) and mean immediate postoperative Hb and least Hb levels (p = 0. 034).
CONCLUSIONS - In this study, the use of FloSeal improves hemostatic outcomes in patients undergoing RALP compared with traditional hemostatic techniques, without increase of cost.
Urologia internationalis. 2016 Feb 19 [Epub ahead of print]
Eugenio Martorana, Ahmed Ghaith, Salvatore Micali, Giacomo Maria Pirola, Cosimo De Carne, Francesco Fidanza, Giampaolo Bianchi
Department of Urology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.