Purpose To assess the intermanufacturer variability of quantitative models in discriminating cancers with a Gleason score of at least 7 among peripheral zone (PZ) lesions seen at 3-T multiparametric magnetic resonance (MR) imaging.
Materials and Methods An institutional review board-approved prospective database of 257 patients who gave written consent and underwent T2-weighted, diffusion-weighted, and dynamic contrast material-enhanced imaging before prostatectomy was retrospectively reviewed. It contained outlined lesions found to be suspicious for malignancy by two independent radiologists and classified as malignant or benign after correlation with prostatectomy whole-mount specimens. One hundred six patients who underwent imaging with 3-T MR systems from two manufacturers were selected (data set A, n = 72; data set B, n = 34). Eleven parameters were calculated in PZ lesions: normalized T2-weighted signal intensity, skewness and kurtosis of T2-weighted signal intensity, T2 value, wash-in rate, washout rate, time to peak (TTP), mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), 10th percentile of the ADC, and skewness and kurtosis of the histogram of the ADC values. Parameters were selected on the basis of their specificity for a sensitivity of 0. 95 in diagnosing cancers with a Gleason score of at least 7, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for the models was calculated. Results The model of the 10th percentile of the ADC with TTP yielded the highest AUC in both data sets. In data set A, the AUC was 0. 90 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0. 85, 0. 95) or 0. 89 (95% CI: 0. 82, 0. 94) when it was trained in data set A or B, respectively. In data set B, the AUC was 0. 84 (95% CI: 0. 74, 0. 94) or 0. 86 (95% CI: 0. 76, 0. 95) when it was trained in data set A or B, respectively. No third variable added significantly independent information in any data set. Conclusion The model of the 10th percentile of the ADC with TTP yielded accurate results in discriminating cancers with a Gleason score of at least 7 among PZ lesions at 3 T in data from two manufacturers. (©) RSNA, 2016 Online supplemental material is available for this article.
Radiology. 2016 Feb 09 [Epub ahead of print]
Au Hoang Dinh, Christelle Melodelima, Rémi Souchon, Jérôme Lehaire, Flavie Bratan, Florence Mège-Lechevallier, Alain Ruffion, Sébastien Crouzet, Marc Colombel, Olivier Rouvière