Lycopene, tomato products and prostate cancer-specific mortality among men diagnosed with nonmetastatic prostate cancer in the Cancer Prevention Study-II Nutrition Cohort.

While dietary lycopene and tomato products have been inversely associated with prostate cancer incidence, there is limited evidence for an association between consumption of lycopene and tomato products and prostate-cancer specific mortality (PCSM).

We examined the associations of pre- and post-diagnosis dietary lycopene and tomato product intake with PCSM in a large prospective cohort. This analysis included men diagnosed with nonmetastatic prostate cancer between enrollment in the Cancer Prevention Study-II Nutrition Cohort in 1992 or 1993 and June 2011. Pre-diagnosis dietary data, collected at baseline, were available for 8,898 men, of whom 526 died of prostate cancer through 2012. Post-diagnosis dietary data, collected on follow-up surveys in 1999 and/or 2003, were available for 5,643 men, of whom 363 died of prostate cancer through 2012. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for PCSM. Neither pre- nor post-diagnosis dietary lycopene intake was associated with PCSM (4(th) vs. 1(st) quartile HR=1. 00, 95% CI 0. 78 - 1. 28; HR=1. 22, 95% CI 0. 91 - 1. 64, respectively). Similarly, neither pre- nor post-diagnosis consumption of tomato products was associated with PCSM. Among men with high-risk cancers (T3-T4, or Gleason score 8-10, or nodal involvement), consistently reporting lycopene intake ≥ median on both post-diagnosis surveys was associated with lower PCSM (HR=0. 41, 95% CI 0. 17 - 0. 99, based on 10 PCSM cases consistently ≥ median intake) compared to consistently reporting intake < median. Future studies are needed to confirm the potential inverse association of consistently high lycopene intake with PCSM among men with high-risk prostate cancers. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

International journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer. 2016 Feb 02 [Epub ahead of print]

Ying Wang, Eric J Jacobs, Christina C Newton, Marjorie L McCullough

Epidemiology Research Program, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, 30303. , Epidemiology Research Program, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, 30303. , Epidemiology Research Program, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, 30303. , Epidemiology Research Program, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, 30303.

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