PI-RADS version 2 for prediction of pathological downgrading after radical prostatectomy: a preliminary study in patients with biopsy-proven Gleason Score 7 (3+4) prostate cancer.

OBJECTIVES - To evaluate PI-RADSv2 for predicting pathological downgrading after radical prostatectomy (RP) in patients with biopsy-proven Gleason score (GS) 7(3+4) PC.

METHODS - A total of 105 patients with biopsy-proven GS 7(3+4) PC who underwent multiparametric prostate MRI followed by RP were included.

Two radiologists assigned PI-RADSv2 scores for each patient. Preoperative clinicopathological variables and PI-RADSv2 scores were compared between patients with and without downgrading after RP using the Wilcoxon rank sum test or Fisher's exact test. Logistic regression analyses with Firth's bias correction were performed to assess their association with downgrading.

RESULTS - Pathological downgrading was identified in ten (9. 5 %) patients. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA), PSA density, percentage of cores with GS 7(3+4), and greatest percentage of core length (GPCL) with GS 7(3+4) were significantly lower in patients with downgrading (p = 0. 002-0. 037). There was no significant difference in age and clinical stage (p = 0. 537-0. 755). PI-RADSv2 scores were significantly lower in patients with downgrading (3. 8 versus 4. 4, p = 0. 012). At univariate logistic regression analysis, PSA, PSA density, and PI-RADSv2 scores were significant predictors of downgrading (p = 0. 003-0. 022). Multivariate analysis revealed only PSA density and PI-RADSv2 scores as independent predictors of downgrading (p = 0. 014-0. 042).

CONCLUSIONS - The PI-RADSv2 scoring system was an independent predictor of pathological downgrading after RP in patients with biopsy-proven GS 7(3+4) PC.

KEY POINTS - • PI-RADSv2 was an independent predictor of downgrading in biopsy-proven GS 7(3+4) PC • PSA density was also an independent predictor of downgrading • MRI may assist in identifying AS candidates in biopsy-proven GS 7(3+4) PC patients.

European radiology. 2016 Feb 04 [Epub ahead of print]

Sungmin Woo, Sang Youn Kim, Joongyub Lee, Seung Hyup Kim, Jeong Yeon Cho

Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 110-744, Korea. , Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 110-744, Korea. , Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Medical Research Collaborating Center, Biomedical Research Institution, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 110-744, Korea. , Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 110-744, Korea. , Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 110-744, Korea.  

PubMed